1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.1. What is the circular economy? 1.2. The filthy five: curbing single use plastics 1.3. Global plastics production to grow to 485 Mt in 2028 1.4. Historical management of Municipal Solid Waste 1.5. China’s National Sword policy 1.6. Outlook for managing plastic waste in largest producers 1.7. What is solvent extraction? 1.8. Drivers and restraints 1.9. Conversion of plastics to fuels (PTF) 1.10. Drivers and restraints 1.11. Polymer to monomer and intermediate depolymerisation 1.12. Drivers and restraints 1.13. Global revenues from polymer recycling 1.14. What is the future for polymer recycling? 2. INTRODUCTION: PLASTIC WASTE 2.1. Social, economic and environmental megatrends 2.2. Reduced carbon dioxide emissions directives 2.3. What is the circular economy? 2.4. Global supply of plastics has grown exponentially 2.5. Polymer types: thermoplastics , thermosets and elastomers 2.6. The filthy five: curbing single use plastics 2.7. Global plastics production to grow to 485 Mt in 2028 2.8. Historical management of Municipal Solid Waste 2.9. China’s National Sword policy 2.10. Outlook for managing plastic waste in largest producers 3. INTRODUCTION: BIOBASED AND BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS 3.1. The range of biobased monomers 3.2. Defining “biobased polymers” 3.3. Biobased polymers and waste management in 2019 3.4. Are biodegradable plastics the solution? 3.5. Biobased value add: The Green Premium… 3.6. …versus the price of Brent Crude 3.7. Environmental costs: the rising tide of plastic pollution 3.8. Feedstock competition: food or fuel (or plastics)? 3.9. Drivers and restraints of market growth 4. RECYCLING TECHNOLOGIES OVERVIEW: POLYMER RECYCLING PROCESSES 4.1. Recycling collection methods and facilities 4.2. The four types of recycling: process definitions 4.3. Opportunities for recycling in the polymer value chain 5. RECYCLING TECHNOLOGIES OVERVIEW: RECYCLING KEY POLYMERS 5.1. Recycling key polymer types 5.2. Recycling PET 5.3. Technology suppliers for PET recycling in this report 5.4. Recycling PE 5.5. Technology suppliers for PE recycling in this report 5.6. Recycling PP 5.7. Technology suppliers for PP recycling in this report 5.8. Recycling PS 5.9. Technology suppliers for PS recycling in this report 6. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY RECYCLING: MECHANICAL RECYCLING 6.1. Primary mechanical recycling 6.2. Secondary mechanical recycling: collection 6.3. Secondary mechanical recycling: decontamination 6.4. Secondary mechanical recycling: melt and extrusion 6.5. Drivers and restraints of secondary mechanical recycling 7. SECONDARY RECYCLING: SOLVENT EXTRACTION 7.1. What is solvent extraction 7.2. Vinyloop- PVC warning case study 7.3. Technology suppliers 7.4. Company profiles 7.5. Drivers and restraints 8. TERTIARY RECYCLING: PLASTIC TO FUEL CONVERSION 8.1. Conversion of plastics to fuels (PTF) 8.2. Incineration, gasification or thermal pyrolysis? 8.3. Feedstock materials for PTF conversion 8.4. PTF conversion outputs and side products 8.5. Technology suppliers 8.6. Company profiles 8.7. Drivers and restraints 9. TERTIARY RECYCLING: DEPOLYMERISATION 9.1. Polymer to monomer and intermediate depolymerisation 9.2. Depolymerisation of PET 9.3. Depolymerisation of polystyrene 9.4. Depolymerisation of polyolefins 9.5. Depolymerisation of biodegradable polymers 9.6. Technology suppliers by feedstock 9.7. Company profiles 9.8. Drivers and restraints 10. QUATERNARY RECYCLING: INCINERATION 10.1. Waste to energy: polymer incineration 10.2. MSW versus coal, oil and gas comparison 10.3. Incineration competing with landfill and recycling 10.4. Incineration uptake: USA versus Europe 10.5. Debate surrounding incineration 11. MARKET FORECASTS AND CONCLUSIONS 11.1. Breakeven price point for mechanical recycling 11.2. Breakeven for solvent extraction 11.3. Breakeven for plastic to fuel conversion 11.4. Breakeven for depolymerisation 11.5. Global revenues from polymer recycling 11.6. What is the future for polymer recycling? 12. APPENDIX: GLOSSARY AND DEFINITIONS